Addresses the question of whether or not anabolic steroids in themselves possess abuse potential or if they simply play a role in the abuse of other substances. A historical overview of the discovery and development of the drug is provided, plus an evaluation of the drug's performanceenhancing effects. Health risks associated with the abuse of anabolic steroids are covered along with the biological reasons why steroids affect the body the way they do. Behavioral effects are also discussed. Charts, graphs and diagrams.